Surgery performed to treat orthopedic conditions in children and adolescents is called pediatric orthopedic surgery. Orthopedic problems in children are different from that of adults as the bones in children are constantly growing and are bendable until a certain age. Moreover, young children may not be able to express the symptoms associated with bone or joint conditions to their physicians. Hence, a pediatric orthopedic surgeon may be needed to diagnose and address these issues in children.
Intramedullary nails are metal rods used to align and stabilize fractured fragments of long bones such as the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone). The rods are passed through the bone marrow at the center of these bones, across fracture sites. The rod is inserted through a small incision at either end of the bone and fixed at both ends with screws.